India is among the ten fastest growing economies in the world, but the point is India is still having largest number in terms of illiterates, about 40% of the Indian’s are illiterates. Niraj, an endeavor from slums of Kolkata who cracked IIT-JEE despite his paved path and his elder brother is an employee in Blue chip company and his sister is commerce graduate (18-year-old Kolkata slum boy scripts IIT success story — Times of India). Not only Niraj there are lakhs of poor students who are capable of achieving success, but the problem is Our education in government schools, many bright minds go to labor work lack of facilities in schools.

Government teacher children won’t be studying in a government school because he knows the quality of education in his school. In an ordinary government school, the facilities are limited.

  • Many of the schools don’t meet the electricity.
  • Sanitation.
  • Toilets
  • Lack of teachers
  • Lack of proper classroom.
  • The scheme of afternoon food distribution won’t be regular.
  • Funds are being swallowed.

According to a recent survey conducted in 780 Government Schools across 13 Indian States, key facilities (including toilets/ drinking water) were mostly found missing or in a poor condition. The survey further shows that while the RTE act called for sufficient infrastructure, less than 5% schools have all the 9 facilities mentioned in the act. Over 30% schools had no toilets (many girls quote this has a big reason for dropping out of school), over 60% had no playgrounds (it’s no wonder that we struggle with health and fitness both!)


The 2013–14 edition of the District Information System for Education (DISE) report shows that India’s schooling system is overwhelmingly skewed towards primary schools. There are five times more primary schools than there are secondary schools. At the state level, this discrepancy becomes even more stark. The worst performer in this regard is Bihar with a ratio of 13.3:1 while the most balanced is Chandigarh with a ratio of 1.2:1.



In the case of toilets, however, India fares quite well. According to DISE data, 86% schools in India have boys toilets while 91% have girls toilets. Most of the states have toilets in more than 80% of their schools. Among the worst performers are Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.

However, the DISE numbers may be a little misleading since they do not make a distinction between usable and unusable toilets. While there are very few schools that have no toilets at all, the latest ASER report says that only 65% have usable toilets.



The average class size — or students per classroom — in India across the levels of schooling was 42. States such as Bihar and Jharkhand fare worse with an average of 78 and 67 students per classroom, respectively. Bihar’s secondary education facilities seem especially strained, with 97 students per class. Jharkhand has that issue in higher secondary education with 94 students per class.

The student-teacher ratio in India stands at 27.25:1 across all levels of schooling. This seems healthy in light of the Right to Education Act stipulation of a ratio of 30:1. However, the student-teacher ratio of 41:1 in higher secondary education needs some work. Uttar Pradesh, in particular, needs to hire much more teachers as its ratio of 60:1 is well above the recommended level.


The quality of the teachers is also important for learning outcomes. The DISE data shows that only 69% of all school teachers in the country have a graduate degree or more. However, around 91% of all higher secondary teachers in the country have a graduate degree or more. Only eight states have a proportion lower than this.


The DISE data shows that only 6 out of every 10 schools in the country have access to electricity. State-level data throws up an even grimmer picture — one-third of states do not provide electricity to the majority of their schools. Bihar again is the worst offender with only 10% of its schools having access to electricity. Some other states such as Punjab, Gujarat, and Haryana fare very well in this regard with almost all their schools getting electricity.

Some of the above-quoted analysis was taken from Livemint article The poor state of school infrastructure.

Let’s have look at government school facilities in some of the states in India

  • Odisha :

Out of 51,094 schools, 40,087 schools doesn’t meet electricity facility. This summer is very hot, how students can bear such a temperature its 45 degrees already. Tribal dominated district Urbhanj tops with 3,349 schools with no electricity. The irony is Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik home district stands next to Urbhanj in 2nd place with 2,083 schools with no electricity.About 78.45% schools don’t have electricity in Odisha.

  • Andhra Pradesh :

Out of a total number of 2739 schools in the Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh, 1662 schools are yet to be provided with the facility of overhead tanks and running water. Many girls quote this has a big reason for dropping out of school. Remember it’s only one district there are 9 districts in Andhra Pradesh, who knows what is the status of remaining schools.

  • Meghalaya :

Meghalaya has failed to implement RTE(Right To Education) act 2009. In this particular state has the shortage of 17,000 teachers and over 70% of untrained staff. By the end of March 2016, there are 1748 primary and 224 upper primary schools are having only one teacher for each school with students of 7,769. 85% of upper primary schools and 77% of primary schools are untrained and 68 schools don’t have Maths and science teachers.

The irony is Meghalaya has highest enrollment in the year 2011–12 with 96%, but they failed to universalise the elementary education because of lack of performance by the education department.

These are just few examples and there are many more awful things in our Government Schools that needs to be taken care of. We believe education reduces poverty, empowers women and helps prevent diseases.

We at Saakshar Organisation are doing our part in improving the education system, Join us in building a better tomorrow and make significant difference.

One Comment

  • The data set and graphics are truly amazing.

    Contrast this with the data set and indicators on MHRD website! An exercise in avoiding hard facts.

    There is no discussion of quality of education or school completion!!

    I wish the PM would set National Goals for three simple national OUTCOME indicators for which each state government was in turn was forced to set a goal and there was a public event with PM and Education Ministers every year where our leaders had to explain progress in public.

    How can we do that?

    Congratulations are in order!!

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